Flowering plants are a type of vascular plant that produces flowers in order to reproduce. Flowering plants produce seeds within a fruit. The scientific name for flowering plants is angiosperms.
Life-cycle of a Flowering Plant
Flowering plants follow a specific life cycle.
- Seed - They begin their lives as seeds. Seeds are like baby plants. They have a hard outer shell that protects the seed embryo inside.
- Germination - The seed ends up on the ground. It needs air, water, and soil to grow. When a seed begins to grow, this is called germination. The first growth will usually be some small roots. Then stems will grow.
- Sprout or seedling - When the first sign of life appears above the soil, this is called a sprout or seedling.
- Mature plant - The seedling will continue to grow into a full mature plant with leaves, roots, and stems.
- Flowering - The mature plant will grow flowers. Through pollination, the flowers will produce seeds. When the seeds end up on the ground, the cycle will begin again.